The Swedish town Landskrona is not far from Denmark, it’s just across the strait. The town has is one of several in southern Sweden that has historically been a part of both Sweden and Denmark. Only a short distance from Sweden’s third largest city – Malmö – Landskrona is one of the places in the province of Scania that is worth a visit.
Landskrona: A Short History
King Erik VII of Pomerania founded Landskrona in the early 15th century. Where the town now stands was once the small Danish fishing village Sønder Sæby. At this time the province of Scania (Skåne) still belonged to Denmark, but Denmark, Norway, and Sweden were united under one monarch with the so-called Kalmar Union. This union is perhaps not so well known outside of the Nordic countries.
The Danish king Christian III built the citadel in Landskrona in 1549. During the following centuries, a system of moats was created. The system provided the defense for the citadel. Landskrona remained Danish until the peace treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The Treaty saw the provinces of Scania (Skåne), Blekinge, Halland, Bohuslän, Trøndelag, and Bornholm ceded to Sweden. Landskrona and the province of Scania were fully integrated into the Swedish Kingdom in 1719.
One of the province’s largest churches – the Sancti Johannis Baptistae church from the 15th century – was demolished in 1753. The Swedish parliament had decided a few years earlier to further fortify the town. The constructions were, however, halted in 1788 due to the war with Russia. They were eventually abandoned in 1869.
The importance of the harbor and its shipyards grew in the 20th century and a big part of the population was employed within the heavy industries in the town. The 1970’s saw several of these industries closing down and the town’s period of hardships began. The resulting drop in population has since been reversed and the town is once more growing.
4 Things to Do In Landskrona
There is really a lot to see in Landskrona. You don’t need to leave the center in order to enjoy some amazing attractions. There are beautiful parks and amazing buildings. Here we list some of the sights that might be of interest to anyone who visits the town.
The Citadel is the most prominent building in the town. Surrounded by moats and embarkments it is an impressive sight. Built in the 16th century, its owner has changed over the years but not its purpose. For decades it guarded and defended the surrounding areas. Today the citadel, moats, and embarkments create a beautiful surrounding for a walk.
The Island of Ven
Almost halfway across the strait to Denmark is the island of Ven. With a small permanent population the island there is regular boat traffic to Landskrona. The island has been historically important and it has also been a part of border disputes between Sweden and Denmark in the 17th century. Some call it the “The pearl of Øresund”. Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe built two observatories there. Nowadays, visitors can enjoy the beautiful landscape as well as visit the local museum. Why not explore the island on a bicycle?
The Walk of Fame & the Rest of the City Center
To celebrate the town’s 600-year history a walk of fame was created in 2013. The names of the memorial plates were chosen from famous people either from or with a connection to the town. Names include Erik VII of Pomerania, Tycho Brahe, Charles X Gustav, Selma Lagerlöf, Enoch Thulin, and several more.
In general, the city center is very nice, with many old buildings. Around “Rådhustorget“, the Town Hall Square, most buildings date back to 1890-1915. There are also several parks in the town.
Gråen is an artificial island that was meant to protect the harbor from attacks. The construction began in 1748 but was halted in 1788. Today the island is housing a few colony lots as well as a bird reserve. There are guided tours to the island.
Landskrona: How to Get There?
Do you want to travel to Landskrona? Here are a few ways you can go there:
Car: Landskrona lies near Malmö, between Lund and Helsingborg.
Bus: there are local buses to Malmö, Helsingborg, and other parts of Scania.
Train: local and regional trains take you to Malmö, Copenhagen, and Gothenburg.
Flights: there are several airports nearby. These include the international airports Kastrup in Copenhagen, Malmö International Airport, as well as the regional Ängelholm-Helsingborg Airport.
The driving distance from 5 major Swedish cities, according to Google Maps:
Stockholm – 574 kilometers (5 h 49 min)
Gothenburg – 234 kilometers (2 h 32 min)
Malmö – 44 kilometers (35 min)
Luleå – 1.471 kilometers (15 h 28 min)
Linköping – 379 kilometers (3 h 51 min)
This post belongs to our series Exploring Sweden. Read the other posts of the series here >>